Jackals had been closely associated with the underworld and ancient Egyptian god of souls of the dead, Anubis, and the animal symbolized destruction for Hebrews, represented cowardice for a good share of Asia, and Africans often viewed jackals as wise tricksters. However, Indian folklore stated that hearing a jackal’s howl from over one’s left shoulder was considered a bad omen.
Those who become were-jackals wore a stripe made by a witch doctor to hide across the forehead or waist that gave them the ability to shape-shift, generally at night for secret travel.
Jackal shifters are not uncommon, although they are metaphysically similar to coyotes. Old World jackals have the same magical qualities as the coyote.
Jackals, like foxes or coyotes, are depicted as clever sorcerers in myths and legends. Mentioned in the Bible, the jackal is often used as a literary device to exemplify desolation, isolation and abandonment, and the ruins of former cities and areas abandoned by humans.
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Steiger, Brad. The Werewolf Book: the Encyclopedia of Shape-Shifting Beings. Detroit: Visible Ink Press, 1999. Print.